Isaiah wrote these prophecies of the Servant about a time when all God’s people are scattered and the Davidic throne has disappeared into the sands of Babylon. Does the exile mark the end of the history of God’s people? Have they forfeited the divine promises made to Abraham?
The Servant Songs are the prophecies of Christ, the servant who will come and suffer for his people. The book of Isaiah contains the fullest revelation of Christ in the Old Testament. These prophecies were written about 700 years before the birth of Christ.
Biblical Background for Isaiah is primarily found in:
- 2 Kings 15-21
- 2 Chronicles 26-33
Isaiah 1:1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
- Uzziah/Azariah 792-740 BC (good)
- Jotham 740-731 BC (good)
- Ahaz 731-715 BC (bad)
- Hezekiah 715-698 BC (good)
See Chart of Kings
The Birth of a Prophet
- Under Uzziah, Judah prospered politically and economically, but Uzziah became proud and was cut off from the Lord (2 Chronicles 26).
- After Uzziah dies, spiritual decline sets in and political winds of change begin to blow.
- Within a 5 year period, King Uzziah of the southern kingdom died (c. 740BC); The king of the northern kingdom died (Menahem c. 742BC); and in Assyria, the ambitious Tiglath-Pileser came to the throne (c. 745BC).
- In the midst of this political upheaval, Isaiah sees the Lord.
- Isaiah sees God’s sovereignty and God’s glory.
- Isaiah sees his own sinfulness.
- God reveals himself to redeem, not to destroy. He cleanses Isaiah.
- In gratitude and humility, Isaiah dedicates himself to serving God.
For more detail and explanation, please listen to the podcast.
Next: 02 Isaiah 40:1-11 Announcement of the New Kingdom
Series: Isaiah: Servant Songs
Study Resources: Isaiah Bible Study Resources
Scripture references are from the New American Standard version.