Study questions, maps, charts, key words, history, background, outlines, and links to help you study Peter’s second epistle.
Bible Study: 2 Peter: How to Find Life
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- Author: The Apostle Peter
- Who was Peter?
- Date: Before Peter’s death in 68 AD (approx 65-68 AD)
- Recipients: Church at large
Genre: Understanding Epistles
Background & Outlines
A Comparison of 2Peter 2 & Jude
Peter’s use of the Old Testament
Blue Letter Bible: Peter in New Testament
Blue Letter Bible: Chronology of Acts/Epistles
Ray C. Stedman: Overview of the Book
John MacArthur: Author, Date, Background
NIV: 2 Peter Introduction
ESV: The Global Message of 2Peter
2 Peter – Charles Swindoll
2 Peter: Introduction, Argument, and Outline – Daniel Wallace
James Van Dine: Introduction to 2 Peter
Key to 2 Peter – William Orr
2 Peter – Myer Pearlman (1935)
Synthetic Bible Study – 2 Peter – James Gray (1906)
2 Peter Introduction – Wil Pounds
David Malick (Bible.org): Introduction To The Book Of 2 Peter
David Malick: Argument Of The Book Of 2 Peter
- Eyewitness History: Persecution Under Nero
- Eyewitness History: Burning of Rome 64AD
- Eusebius: Persecution under Nero
- Peter’s Wife (Zondervan)
Maps from Holman Bible Atlas
Romans, Palestine, and Herod the Great
Roman Expansion in the 3rd & 2nd centuries BCE
Civil Wars amidst Roman Expansion in 1st century BCE
Roman Empire in the Age of Augustus
Roman Rule in Palestine 63-40 BCE
The Kingdom of Herod the Great
The World of Jesus
The Division of Herod’s Kingdom
Palestine in the Time of Jesus (1)
Palestine in the Time of Jesus (2)
Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls
The Kingdom of Herod Agrippa I
Pentecost and the Jewish Diaspora
Maps from Bible-History.com
Key Words in 2 Peter
Occurrences are based on New American Standard Text. “4x/3v” means the word appears 4 times in 3 verses. “3x” means the word appears 3 times in 3 verses.
Jesus Christ (9x/8v) – Strong’s G2424 in 2Pe 1:1; 2Pe 1:2; 2Pe 1:8; 2Pe 1:11; 2Pe 1:14; 2Pe 1:16; 2Pe 2:20; 2Pe 3:18.
God (7x) – Strong’s G2316 in 2Pe 1:1; 2Pe 1:2; 2Pe 1:17; 2Pe 1:21; 2Pe 2:4; 2Pe 3:5; 2Pe 3:12.
knowledge (8x) – Strong’s G1922 in 2Pe 1:2; 2Pe 1:3; 2Pe 1:8; 2Pe 2:20; Strong’s G1108 in 2Pe 1:5; 2Pe 1:6; 2Pe 3:18; Strong’s G50 in 2Pe 2:12.
know (3x) – Strong’s G3609a in 2Pe1:12; Strong’s G1097 in 2Pe1:20; 2Pe 3:3; known (3x/2v) – Strong’s G1107 in 2Pe 1:16; Strong’s G1921 in 2Pe 2:21.
reminder (2x) – Strong’s G5280 in 2Pe1:13; 2Pe 3:1; remind (1x) Strong’s G5279 in 2Pe1:12; remember (1x) – Strong’s G3403 in 2Pe3:23. “call these things to mind” – 2Pe1:15; “pay attention” in 2Pe1:19. forgotten (1x) – Strong’s G3024 in 2Pe 1:9.
true (3x) – Strong’s G1922 in 2Pe 1:3, 2Pe 1:8; Strong’s G227 in 2Pe 2:22;.
truth (2x) – Strong’s G225 in 2Pe 1:12; 2Pe 2:2.
false (3x/2v) – Strong’s G5578 in 2Pe 2:1; Strong’s G5572 in 2Pe 2:1; Strong’s G4112 in 2Pe 2:3.
destroyed (5x) – Strong’s G5351 in 2Pe 2:12; Strong’s G622 in 2Pe 3:6; Strong’s G3089 in 2Pe 3:10; 2Pe 3:11; 2Pe 3:12.
destruction (6x) – G684 in 2Pe 2:1; 2Pe 2:3; 2Pe 3:7; 2Pe 3:16; Strong’s G2692 in 2Pe 2:6; Strong’s G5356 in 2Pe 2:12.
judgment (5x) – Strong’s G2920 in 2Pe 2:4; 2Pe 2:9; 2Pe 2:11; 2Pe 3:7. Strong’s G2917 in 2Pe 2:3.
promise (3x) – Strong’s G1860 in 3:4, 3:9; Strong’s G1862 in 3:13
word/words (3x) – Strong’s G3056 in 2Pe 1:19; 2Pe 2:3;2Pe 2:18; (implied); 2Pe 3:5; 2Pe 3:7; Strong’s G4487 in 2Pe 3:2.
righteousness (4x) – Strong’s G1343 in 2Pe 1:1; 2Pe 2:5; 2Pe 2:21; 2Pe 3:13. righteous (3x/2v) – Strong’s G1342 in 2Pe 2:7; 2Pe 2:8.
godliness (4x) – Strong’s G2150 in 2Pe 1:3; 2Pe 1:6; 2Pe 1:7; 2Pe 3:11.
prophecy (2x) – Strong’s G4394 in 2Pe1:20; 2Pe 1:21; prophet (1x) – Strong’s G4396 in 2Pe 2:16; prophetic (1x) – Strong’s G4397 in 2Pe 1:19.
heavens (5x) – Strong’s G3772 in 2Pe 3:5; 2Pe 3:7; 2Pe 3:10; 2Pe 3:12; 2Pe 3:13.
diligent (3x) Strong’s G4704 in 2Pe 1:10; 2Pe 1:15; 2Pe 3:14; / diligence (1x) Strong’s G4710 in 2Pe 1:5; / make certain (1x) – Strong’s G4160 G949 in 2Pe 1:10.
Commentaries & Study Bibles
Top 5 Commentaries on 2 Peter & Jude – Ligonier.org
Best Commentaries on 2 Peter & Jude- Tim Challies
Calvin’s Commentary on the Bible: 2 Peter
Albert Barnes Notes on the Whole Bible: 2 Peter
Alfords Exegetical Commentary: 2 Peter
Matthew Henry’s Complete Commentary on the Bible: 2 Peter
Reformation Study Bible Notes: 2 Peter
Precept Austin Commentaries & Sermons: 2 Peter
ESV Study Bible
Introduction to 2 Peter (Includes timeline)
2 Peter 3:10 Like a Thief in the Night
Dictionaries & Encyclopedias
Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary: Peter, Second, Theology of
American Tract Society Peter, Epistles of
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary: Peter, Letters of
Easton’s Bible Dictionary Peter, Second Epistle of
Fausset Bible Dictionary: Peter, the Epistles of
Holman Bible Dictionary: 2 Peter
Hastings’ Dictionary of the Bible Peter, Second Epistle of
Hastings’ Dictionary of the NT Peter Epistles of
Kitto’s Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature: Peter epistles of
Morrish Bible Dictionary Peter, Second Epistle of
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: Peter, the Second Epistle of
McClintock and Strong’s Bible Encyclopedia Peter, Second Epistle Of
The Nuttall Encyclopedia: Peter, the Second Epistle of
Smith Bible Dictionary Peter, Second Epistle of
1911 Encyclopedia Britannica: Epistles of Peter
Peter (aka Simon Peter, Simon, Cephas)
American Tract Society Dictionary: Peter
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary: Peter
Easton’s Bible Dictionary: Peter
Fausset Bible Dictionary: Peter
Holman Bible Dictionary: Peter
Hastings’ Dictionary of the Bible: Peter
Kitto’s Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature: Peter
Morrish Bible Dictionary: Peter
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: Peter, Simon
McClintock and Strong: Peter
The Nuttall Encyclopedia: Peter, the Apostle
The Jewish Encyclopedia:
1911 Encyclopedia Britannica: Peter
Peter means “rock or stone” – Hitchcock’s Bible Names
Simon means ” that hears; that obeys” – Hitchcock’s Bible Names
Cephas means a rock or stone – Hitchcock’s Bible Names
Eusebius: Persecution under Nero
Whyte’s Bible Characters Peter
American Tract Society: Silas; Silvanus
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary: Silas
Easton’s Bible Dictionary: Silas
Fausset Bible Dictionary: Silas
Holman Bible Dictionary: Silas, Silvanus
Hastings’ Dictionary of the Bible: Silvanus
Kitto’s Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature: Silvanus
Morrish Bible Dictionary: Silas
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: Silvanus
McClintock and Strong: Silvanus
Silas in Acts: Acts 15:22-41; Acts 16; Acts 17; Acts 18:5
Book of Enoch
Holman Bible Dictionary: Psuedepigrapha
Enoch in the Bible: Genesis 5:21-22; Luke 3:37; Hebrews 11:5; Jude 1:14
Holman Bible Dictionary: Enoch
Article on Genesis 6: Who were the Nephilim (Answers in Genesis)
The Assumption of Moses (quoted in Jude 1:9)
The Sufficiency of Scripture for Life and Godliness 2 Peter 1:1-4
Richard Bauckham, “2 Peter: a supplementary bibliography,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 25.1 (March 1982): 91-93.
Michael J. Gilmour, “2 Peter In Recent Research: A Bibliography,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 42.4 (Dec. 1999): 673-678.
Donald Guthrie, “Recent Literature on the Petrine Epistles,” Themelios 1.1 (Oct. 1962): 13-23.
William G. Hupper, “Additions to ‘a 2 Peter bibliography’,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 23.1 (March 1980): 65-66.
Michael J. Kruger, “The Authenticity of 2 Peter,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 42.4 (Dec. 1999): 645-671.
Terrance Callan, “The Soteriology of the Second Letter of Peter,” Biblica 82 (2001): 549-559.
Terrance Callan, “The Christology of the Second Letter of Peter,” Biblica 82 (2001): 253-263.
Terrance Callan, “The Style of the Second Letter of Peter,” Biblica 84 (2003): 202-224.
Terrance Callan, “Use of the Letter of Jude by the Second Letter of Peter,”Biblica 85 (2004): 42-64.
J. Daryl Charles, “The Language and Logic of Virtue in 2 Peter 1:5-7,” Bulletin for Biblical Research 8 (1998): 55-73.
J. Daryl Charles, “The Angels under Reserve in 2 Peter and Jude,” Bulletin for Biblical Research 15.1 (Spring 2005): 39-48.
Walter M. Dunnett, “The hermeneutics of Jude and 2 Peter: the use of ancient Jewish traditions,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 31.3 (Sept. 1988): 287-292.
Michael J. Gilmour, “Reflections on the Authorship of 2 Peter,” The Evangelical Quarterly 73.4 (Oct.-Dec. 2001): 291-309.
Michael Green, 2 Peter Reconsidered, 1961. London: The Tyndale Press, 1968. Pbk. ISBN: 0851110207. pp.37.
P. H. R. van Houwelingen, “The Authenticity of 2 Peter: Problems and Possible Solutions,” European Journal of Theology 19.2 (2010): 119-129.
The Authorship of Second Peter (Hampton Keathley IV)
Is 2 Peter Peter’s? (Wayne Stiles)
A Brief Note on a Textual Problem in 2 Peter 3:10 (Dr. Daniel B. Wallace)
The Canonicity of Second Peter
A Test Case for Conjectural Emendation: 2 Peter 3:10d – Aaron K Tresham
Hampton Keathley: The Authorship of Second Peter
Book of 2 Peter – Bible Survey
What is the effectual calling/call?
What is spiritual growth? What is progressive sanctification?
What is spiritual maturity? How can I become more spiritually mature?
In what ways are believers partakers of the divine nature?
What does Peter mean when he tells us to make our calling and election sure in 2 Peter 1:10?
Can a Christian lose salvation?
Is there such a thing as an ex-Christian?
What does it mean that the Bible is infallible? What is biblical infallibility?
Did the writers of the New Testament regard their writings as Scripture?
What does 2 Peter 1:20 mean about interpreting Scripture?
What does it mean that the Bible is God-breathed?
Why is it important to believe in biblical inerrancy?
What is the doctrine of the sufficiency of Scripture? What does it mean that the Bible is sufficient?
Does the Bible contain errors, contradictions, or discrepancies?
Do I have to believe the Bible is inerrant to be saved?
Does the inerrancy of the Bible only apply to the original manuscripts?
What does it mean that the Bible is infallible? What is biblical infallibility?
How can I recognize a false teacher / false prophet?
Should Christians judge the teachings of their leaders?
What is apostasy and how can I recognize it?
What was it like in the days of Noah?
What is God’s relationship to time?
What does the Bible say about the end of the world?
What does it mean that heaven and earth will pass away?
How can I overcome my fear of the end of days?
What does the Bible mean when it refers to the end of the age?
Does Bible prophecy predict that there will be a World War 3 (III, three) before the end times?
What does it mean to grow in grace?
How can I become more like Christ?
How can I become more Christ-like?
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