Leviticus Bible Study Resources | WednesdayintheWord.com

Study questions, maps, charts, key words, history, background, outlines, and links to help you study the Old Testament book of Leviticus.

When God came in glory to dwell in the tabernacle, it marked the close of the book of Exodus (40:34–38). Leviticus begins with God calling Moses from the tabernacle and ends with God’s commands to Moses in the form of binding legislation. The people of Israel stay at the foot of Sinai throughout Leviticus (25:1; 26:46; 27:34).

Jump to: Background-Outlines; ** Maps; ** Encyclopedia; ** Key Words; ** Commentaries; ** Articles; ** GotQuestions ** Feasts **Next **


Basics

  • Main themes: Holiness, especially “You shall be holy , for I the Lord your God am holy” (Lev 19:2; “I am the Lord” appears 42 times in Leviticus 18-26).
  • Also the need for forgiveness, fellowship with God, the importance of worship and the connection between worship and ethics.
  • The aim of the laws is fellowship with the Holy God.

Structure

  • Legal: Leviticus 1-7; Types of sacrifices
  • Narrative: Leviticus 8-10; Ordination of priest and sacrifices
  • Legal: Leviticus 11-15; Purity Laws
  • Narrative: Leviticus 16; Day of Atonement established
  • Legal: Leviticus 17-26; “Holiness code”
  • Narrative: Leviticus 27; appendix on vow requirements

Outline

  • Chapters 1-7 – Sacrifices
  • Chapters 8-10 – Institution of the priesthood
  • Chapters 11-15 – Clean/unclean in daily life
  • Chapter 16 – Day of Atonement (literary and theological center of the book)
  • Chapters 17-20 – Holy/profane in daily life
  • Chapters 21-22 – Legislation for the priesthood
  • Chapters 23-27 – Festivals / sacred time

A simple outline for the first six chapters of Leviticus

Principles for interpreting OT Law: See How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth, Fee & Stuart, page 147.

Section 1: Background

Background & Outlines

Chart: Bible History at a glance

Blue Letter Bible: Old Testament Timeline

Jensen’s Survey of the Old Testament

Bible Atlas: Egypt

Bible Atlas: Sinai

Bible Atlas: Mount Horeb/Sinai

Introduction to the Pentateuch

Ray C Stedman: Overview of the Book

John MacArthur: Author, Date, Background

ESV Introduction to Leviticus

ESV The Global Message of Leviticus

Ligonier: Introduction to Leviticus

Ligonier: Introduction to the Pentateuch

NIV: Introduction to Leviticus

Biblehub: Timeline of Leviticus

Hebrew Calendar

Leviticus Quotes in the New Testament

James van Dine: Analysis of Leviticus

David Malick (Bible.org): Introduction to Leviticus

David Malick: Argument of the Book of Leviticus

Section 9: Feasts

Jewish Feasts

Hebrew4Christians: A Simplified overview of the Feasts of the Lord

Passover (Pesach) – Nisan (Lev 23:4,5)

Unleavened Bread (Chag Hamotzi) – Nisan (Lev 23:6-8)

First Fruits (Yom habikkurim) – Nisan (Lev 23:9-14)

Pentecost (Shavu’ot) – Sivan (Lev 23:15-22)

Trumpets (Yom Teru’ah) – Tishri (Lev 23:23-25)

Atonement (Yom Kippur) – Tishri (Lev 23:26-32)

Tabernacles (Sukkot) – Tishri (Lev 23:33-44)

More: Introduction to Jewish Feasts

Section 2: Maps

Maps – Route of the Exodus

Route of the Exodus – Studylight.org

Route of Exodus from Egypt – Insight for Living

Route of Exodus – Holman Bible Atlas

Route of the Exodus – Bible-History online

Tabernacle Diagram – source unknown

Expulsion of the Hyksos – Holman Bible Atlas

Egypt and Palestine in the Late Bronze Age – Holman Bible Atlas

Sites in the Amarna Archive (Akhetaton; Tell el-Amarna) – Holman Bible Atlas

Campaigns of Thutmose III and Amenhotep II – Holman Bible Atlas

Canaan in the 14th Century: The Tell el-Amarna Tablets – Holman Bible Atlas

The Egyptian Empire and the Hittites – Holman Bible Atlas

Egyptian Empire and Balance of Power, ca. 1400 BCE – Holman Bible Atlas

The Route of the Exodus – Holman Bible Atlas

Events during the Sojourn at Kadesh-Barnea – Holman Bible Atlas

Journey of the Spies – Holman Bible Atlas

The Journey from Kadesh-Barnea to the Plains of Moab – Holman Bible Atlas

Exodus from Egypt (Map 3) – English Standard Version Bible

Section 4: Key Words

Key words

Holy (90x/76v; with forms of the root for holy 152x; more than in any OT book) – 2:3, 10; 5:15f; 6:16f, 25-27, 29f; 7:1, 6; 8:9; 10:3, 10, 12f, 17; 11:44-45; 14:13; 16:2-4, 16f, 20, 23f, 27, 32f; 19:2, 8, 24; 20:3, 7, 26; 21:6-8, 22; 22:2-4, 6f, 10, 14-16, 32; 23:2-4, 7f, 20f, 24, 27, 35-37; 24:9; 25:12; 27:9f, 14, 21, 23, 28, 30, 32f;

Atonement (51x/45v) – 1:4; 4:20, 26, 31, 35; 5:6, 10, 13, 16, 18; 6:7, 30; 7:7; 8:15, 34; 9:7; 10:17; 12:7f; 14:18-21, 29, 31, 53; 15:15, 30; 16:6, 10f, 16-18, 24, 27, 30, 32-34; 17:11; 19:22; 23:27f; 25:9

Offering (326x/199v) – 1:2-4, 6, 9f, 13f, 17; 2:1-16; 3:1-3, 5-9, 11f, 14, 16; 4:3, 7f, 10, 14, 18, 20f, 23-26, 28-35; 5:6-8, 15f, 18f; 6:5f, 9f, 12, 14f, 17f, 20f, 23, 25, 30; 7:1f, 5, 7-11, 13-16, 18, 20f, 25, 29f, 32-35, 37f; 8:2, 14, 18, 21, 27-29, 31; 9:2-4, 7f, 10, 12-18, 21f, 24; 10:12-17, 19; 12:6, 8; 14:10, 12-14, 17, 19-22, 24f, 28, 31; 15:15, 30; 16:3, 5f, 9, 11, 15, 24f, 27; 17:4f, 8; 19:5, 21f, 24; 21:6, 21; 22:12, 18, 21-23, 25, 27; 23:8, 12-14, 25, 27, 36-38; 24:7, 9; 27:9, 11

Tent of meeting (43x/41v) – 1:1, 3, 5; 3:2, 8, 13; 4:4f, 7, 14, 16, 18; 6:16, 26, 30; 8:3f, 31, 33, 35; 9:5, 23; 10:7, 9; 12:6; 14:11, 23; 15:14, 29; 16:7, 16f, 20, 23, 33; 17:4ff, 9; 19:21; 24:3

Law (16x/16v) –6:9, 14, 25; 7:1, 7, 11, 37; 11:46; 12:7; 13:59; 14:2, 32, 54, 57; 15:32

Sacrifice (41x/34v) –3:1, 3, 6, 9; 4:10, 26, 31, 35; 7:11-13, 15-18, 20f, 29, 32, 34, 37; 9:4, 18; 10:14; 17:5, 7f; 19:5; 22:21, 24, 27, 29; 23:19, 37

Anoint (17x/15v) –Lev 4:3, 5, 16; 6:20, 22; 7:36; 8:2, 10-12, 30; 10:7; 16:32; 21:10, 12

Sin (111x/90v) – Lev 4:2f, 8, 14, 20-29, 32-35; 5:1, 5-13, 15-18; 6:2-4, 17, 25f, 30; 7:7, 37f; 8:2, 14; 9:2f, 7f, 10, 15, 22; 10:16-19; 12:6, 8; 14:13, 19, 22, 31; 15:15, 30; 16:3, 5f, 9, 11, 15f, 21, 25, 27, 30, 34; 19:17, 22; 20:20; 21:21; 22:9; 23:19; 24:15; 25:1, 27; 26:18, 21, 24, 28, 46; 27:34

Iniquity (10x/8v) – 7:18; 16:21f; 19:8; 26:39-41, 43

Death (17/16v) –Lev 16:1; 19:20; 20:2, 4, 9-11, 15f, 27; 24:16f, 21; 27:29

Die (15x) – 7:24; 8:35; 10:2, 6f, 9; 11:39; 15:31; 16:1f, 13; 17:15; 20:20; 22:8f

Blood (86x/65v) –Lev 1:5, 11, 15; 3:2, 8, 13, 17; 4:5-7, 16-18, 25, 30, 34; 5:9; 6:27, 30; 7:2, 14, 26f, 33; 8:15, 19, 23f, 30; 9:9, 12, 18; 10:18; 12:4f, 7; 14:6, 14, 17, 25, 28, 51f; 15:19, 25; 16:14f, 18f, 27; 17:4, 6, 10-12; 18:6, 12f, 17; 19:26; 20:18f; 25:49

Sabbath (13x/10v) – Lev 16:31; 23:3, 11, 15f, 32; 24:8; 25:2, 4, 6

The LORD spoke to Moses (28x) – 4:1; 5:14; 6:1, 8, 19, 24; 7:22, 28; 8:1; 12:1; 13:1; 14:1; 16:1; 17:1; 18:1; 19:1; 20:1; 21:16; 22:1, 17, 26; 23:9, 23, 26, 33; 24:1, 13; 27:1

Jubilee (20x/18v) – Lev 25:10-13, 15, 28, 30f, 33, 40, 50, 52, 54; 27:17-18, 21, 23-24

Consecrate (24x/23v) Lev 6:18, 27; 7:35; 8:10-12, 15, 30; 11:44; 12:4; 16:19; 20:7; 21:8, 10; 25:10; 27:14-19, 22, 2

Covenant (10x/8v) – 2:13; 24:8; 26:9, 15, 25, 42, 44f

Fat (52x/33v) – 3:3f, 9f, 14-17; 4:8f, 19, 26, 31, 35; 6:12; 7:3f, 23-25, 30f, 33; 8:16, 25f; 9:10, 19f, 24; 10:15; 16:25; 17:6

Section 3: Encyclopedias

Dictionaries & Encyclopedias

Leviticus

Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology: Theology of Leviticus

American Tract Society Leviticus

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary Leviticus

Chabad Knowledge Base Leviticus

Easton’s Bible Dictionary Leviticus

Fausset Bible Dictionary Leviticus

Holman Bible Dictionary Leviticus

Hastings’ Dictionary of the Bible Leviticus

Hawker’s Poor Man’s Dictionary  Leviticus

Watson’s Theological Dictionary Leviticus

1911 Encyclopedia Britannica Leviticus

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Leviticus

Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia Leviticus

McClintock and Strong’s Bible Encyclopedia Leviticus

The Nuttall Encyclopedia Leviticus

The Catholic Encyclopedia Leviticus

The Jewish Encyclopedia Leviticus

 Bible Survey: Book of Leviticus

Feasts & Festivals

American Church Dictionary Feasts or festivals

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary Festivals

Baker Evangelical Dictionary Moon, New, Festival of Feasts and Festivals of Israel

Holman Bible Dictionary  Festivals

Smith Bible Dictionary Festivals

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Festival

Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia Festivals

The Jewish Encyclopedia Festivals

Baker Evangelical Dictionary Type, Typology

Baker Evangelical Dictionary Offerings and Sacrifices

Baker Evangelical Dictionary Priest, Priesthood

Leprosy

Medical Article – Biblical Leprosy- A Suggested Interpretation (In depth – 25 page article)

Why is leprosy talked about so much in the Bible?

1911 Encyclopedia Britannica Leprosy

WHO – Leprosy

Leprosy – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Leprosy- Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia

Hansen’s Disease (Leprosy) – CDC

Section 6: Articles

Journal Articles & Online Books

Key: The Levitical Dietary Laws in the Light of Modern Science

Masterman: Hygiene and Disease in Palestine in Modern and Biblical Times, Part 1

Masterman: Hygiene and Disease in Palestine in Modern and Biblical Times, Part 2

Masterman: Hygiene and Disease in Palestine in Modern and Biblical Times, Part 3

Kidner: Sacrifice in the Old Testament. Tyndale Press, 1952 (26 page article)

Keller: Are We Still Under the Law?

Kurtz: Sacrificial Worship of the Old Testament. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark [reprinted Baker, 1980]

Leder: Leviticus – Reading and Hearing Leviticus – Why Is It Not Preached

Alfred Edersheim on Leviticus:

Leviticus 23 Feast of Unleavened Bread & Day of Pentecost (cp Acts 2)

Sabbath in the Temple

Festive Cycles and Arrangement of the Calendar

The Passover

The Paschal Feast and the Lord’s Supper

The Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Day of Pentecost

The Feast of Tabernacles

The New Moons: The Feast of the Seventh New Moon, or of Trumpets, or New Year’s Day

The Day of Atonement

Post-Mosaic Festivals

Section 5: Commentaries

Commentaries

Ligionier.org Best Commentaries: Leviticus

Tim Challies Best Commentaries: Leviticus

Commentary Reviews: Leviticus

Biblehub Commentaries: Leviticus

Calvin’s Commentary on the Bible: Leviticus

Matthew Henry: Leviticus

Albert Barnes Notes: Leviticus

Reformation Study Bible Notes: Leviticus

Geneva Study Bible: Leviticus

Precept Austin Commentaries & Sermons: Leviticus

Section 7: Got Questions

Got Questions.org

What was the purpose of the Levitical Law?

How did Jesus fulfill the meanings of the Jewish feasts?

Do Christians have to obey the Old Testament law?

What is the JEDP Theory?

What is the documentary hypothesis?

Why did God require animal sacrifices in the Old Testament?

What does the Bible mean when it says something is unclean?

What is the difference between the ceremonial law, the moral law, and the judicial law in the Old Testament?

Does God view unintentional sin differently?

Why would the aroma of a sacrifice be important to God?

Why did the time period of being unclean end in the evening?

What is a grain offering?

What is a burnt offering?

What is a peace offering?

What is a wave offering?

What is a heave offering?

What was the firstfruits offering? Should Christians give a firstfruits offering today?

Why were the people guilty for a priest’s sin?

Why was the fire in the altar to burn continuously (Leviticus 6:13)?

What is the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)?

Who were Nadab and Abihu?

What is the meaning of the strange fire in Leviticus 10:1?

Why was it bad that Aaron and his sons burned the sin offering in Leviticus 10:16–20?

What does the Bible say about what foods we should eat?

Why does the Bible say that rabbits chew the cud? Is this an error in the Bible?

What laws were given to Israel in exact response to pagan practices?

Is it wrong to have a relationship with a close relative?

Does God hate shrimp?

What does the Bible mean by “an eye for an eye”?

What were the Urim and Thummim?

Why were non-Israelites allowed to participate in the sacrificial system?

Why does the Bible speak against wearing clothing made of different types of fabric?

Did the high priest have a rope tied to him when he entered the Holy of Holies?

Does the Bible really say that parents should have their rebellious children stoned?

Didn’t the Old Testament punish blasphemy with death? How is that different from radical Islam?

How did the Israelites deny themselves in Leviticus 23:27?

What is a sabbatical year?

What was a sacred stone in Leviticus?

Why was the redemption price for men and women different in Leviticus 27:3–8?

Section 8: Next

Next: Numbers

Previous: Exodus

Series: Resources by Book

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