Quotations/Allusions to the Old Testament Minor Prophets in the New Testament
Jump to: Hosea; ** Joel; ** Amos; ** Jonah; ** Micah; ** Nahum; ** Habakkuk; ** Zephaniah; ** Haggai; ** Zecahriah; ** Malachi; **
|Hos 1:6 – Then she conceived again and gave birth to a daughter. And the Lord said to him, “Name her Lo-ruhamah, for I will no longer have compassion on the house of Israel, that I would ever forgive them.||1Pe 2:10|
|Hos 1:9 – And the Lord said, “Name him Lo-ammi, for you are not My people and I am not your God.”||1Pe 2:10|
|Hos 2:1 – Say to your brothers, “Ammi,” and to your sisters, “Ruhamah.”||Ro 9:26, 27|
|Hos 2:23 – I will sow her for Myself in the land. I will also have compassion on her who had not obtained compassion, And I will say to those who were not My people, ‘You are My people!’ And they will say, ‘You are my God!’ ”||Ro 9:25; 1Pe 2:10|
|Hos 6:6 – For I delight in loyalty rather than sacrifice,|
And in the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.
|Mt 9:13; 12:7|
|Hos 10:8 – Also the high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, will be destroyed; Thorn and thistle will grow on their altars; Then they will say to the mountains, “Cover us!” And to the hills, “Fall on us!”||Lk 23:30; Re 6:16|
|Hos 11:1 – When Israel was a youth I loved him, And out of Egypt I called My son.||Mt 2:15|
|Hos 13:14 – Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol? Shall I redeem them from death? O Death, where are your thorns? O Sheol, where is your sting? Compassion will be hidden from My sight.||1Co 15:55|
|Joel 2:28 – “It will come about after this That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind; And your sons and daughters will prophesy, Your old men will dream dreams, Your young men will see visions., 29Even on the male and female servants I will pour out My Spirit in those days, 30I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth, Blood, fire and columns of smoke, 31The sun will be turned into darkness And the moon into blood Before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes. 32And it will come about that whoever calls on the name of the Lord|
Will be delivered; For on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem There will be those who escape, As the Lord has said, Even among the survivors whom the Lord calls.
|Acts 2:17, 18, 19, 20, 21|
|Amos 3:13 – “Hear and testify against the house of Jacob,”|
Declares the Lord God, the God of hosts.
|Re 4:8; 15:3|
|Amos 5:25 – “Did you present Me with sacrifices and grain offerings in the wilderness for forty years, O house of Israel? 26You also carried along Sikkuth your king and Kiyyun, your images, the star of your gods which you made for yourselves. 27Therefore, I will make you go into exile beyond Damascus,” says the Lord, whose name is the God of hosts.||Acts 7:42|
|Amos 9:11 – “In that day I will raise up the fallen booth of David, And wall up its breaches; I will also raise up its ruins And rebuild it as in the days of old;||Acts 15:16|
|Jonah 1:17 – And the Lord appointed a great fish to swallow Jonah, and Jonah was in the stomach of the fish three days and three nights.||Mt 12:40|
|Mic 5:2 – “But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Too little to be among the clans of Judah, From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel. His goings forth are from long ago, From the days of eternity.”; 4 And He will arise and shepherd His flock In the strength of the Lord, In the majesty of the name of the Lord His God. And they will remain, Because at that time He will be great To the ends of the earth.||Mt 2:6|
|Mic 7:6 – For son treats father contemptuously, Daughter rises up against her mother, Daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; A man’s enemies are the men of his own household.||Mt 10:35, 36;|
|Nah 1:15 – Behold, on the mountains the feet of him who brings good news, Who announces peace! Celebrate your feasts, O Judah; Pay your vows. For never again will the wicked one pass through you; He is cut off completely.||Ro 10:15|
|Hab 1:5 – “Look among the nations! Observe! Be astonished! Wonder! Because I am doing something in your days— You would not believe if you were told.||Acts 13:41|
|Hab 2:3 – “For the vision is yet for the appointed time; It hastens toward the goal and it will not fail. Though it tarries, wait for it; For it will certainly come, it will not delay.||He 10:37|
|Hab 2:4 – “Behold, as for the proud one, His soul is not right within him; But the righteous will live by his faith.||Ro 1:17; Gal. 3:11; He 10:38|
|Zeph 3:13 – “The remnant of Israel will do no wrong And tell no lies, Nor will a deceitful tongue Be found in their mouths; For they will feed and lie down With no one to make them tremble.”||Re 14:5|
|Hag 2:6 – “For thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘Once more in a little while, I am going to shake the heavens and the earth, the sea also and the dry land.||He 12:26|
|Hag 2:21 – “Speak to Zerubbabel governor of Judah, saying, ‘I am going to shake the heavens and the earth||He 12:26|
|Zech 3:2 – The Lord said to Satan, “The Lord rebuke you, Satan! Indeed, the Lord who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?”||Jude 9|
|Zech 8:16 – ‘These are the things which you should do: speak the truth to one another; judge with truth and judgment for peace in your gates.||Eph 4:25|
|Zech 9:9 – Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, Humble, and mounted on a donkey, Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.||Mt 21:5; Jn 12:15|
|Zech 11:13 – Then the Lord said to me, “Throw it to the potter, that magnificent price at which I was valued by them.” So I took the thirty shekels of silver and threw them to the potter in the house of the Lord.||Mt 27:9|
|Zech 12:10 – “I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn.||Jn 19:37; Re 1:7|
|Zech 13:7 – “Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, And against the man, My Associate,” Declares the Lord of hosts. “Strike the Shepherd that the sheep may be scattered;|
And I will turn My hand against the little ones.
|Mt 26:31; Mk 14:27|
|Mal 1:2 – “I have loved you,” says the Lord. But you say, “How have You loved us?” “Was not Esau Jacob’s brother?” declares the Lord. “Yet I have loved Jacob;||Ro 9:13|
|Mal 3:1 – “Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming,” says the Lord of hosts.||Mt 11:10; Mk 1:2; Lk 7:27|
|Mal 3:17 – “They will be Mine,” says the Lord of hosts, “on the day that I prepare My own possession, and I will spare them as a man spares his own son who serves him.”||1Pe 2:9|
|Mal 4:5 – “Behold, I am going to send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible day of the Lord.||Mt 17:10; Mk 9:1|
A quotation is a word-for-word citation of the original source, often preceded by “it is written.”
An allusion is a reference to the original source using the the same key words or thoughts without quoting word for word.
Because the New Testament writers often borrow the language of the Old Testament (allusion) rather than quote verses directly, different scholars have different counts for the number of times an Old Testament book is quoted in the New Testament. Comparison of various sources reveals considerable variation as to what is interpreted as an Old Testament quotation. Also, many of the Old Testament quotes are from the Septuagint (LXX) which is why the New Testament wording may appear somewhat different.