authority, authenteo, G831

by | Apr 19, 2022 | Word Study - Greek

Tools and resources you need to do a word study on the Biblical Greek verb for authority, authenteo G831.

Strong’s number: G831

Greek Lexical Dictionary: Strong’s #831 – αὐθεντέω

Greek Word: αὐθεντέω

Part of Speech: Verb

Transliteration: authenteó

Phonetic Spelling: (ow-then-teh’-o)

Quick Definition: to govern, exercise authority

Usage: to govern, exercise authority

Etymology: from 846 /autós, “self” and entea, “arms, armor”) – properly, to unilaterally take up arms, i.e. acting as an autocrat – literally, self-appointed (acting without submission).

NASB Translation: exercise authority over (1).

New Testament usage: authority, authenteo G831

Strong’s G831 is used only once in the New Testament: 1Tim 2:12

It is not used in the Septuagint.

Englishman’s Concordance: αὐθεντέω (authenteó)

Lexicons: authority, authenteo G831

Thayer’s G831:

  1. one who with his own hands kills another or himself
  2. one who acts on his own authority, autocratic
  3. an absolute master
  4. to govern, exercise dominion over one

Strong’s G831: From a compound of G846 and ἕντης hentēs (obsolete; a worker); to act of oneself, that is, (figuratively) dominate: – usurp authority over.

Mounce G831: to have authority over

Related words:

Hebrew Equivalent Word:


Dictionaries: authority, authenteo G831

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary Authority

Holman Bible Dictionary Authority

Hastings’ Dictionary of the Bible  Authority

Hasting Dictionary of the NT Authority

Morrish Bible Dictionary Authority

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Authority in ReligionAuthority in General

McClintock and Strong’s Bible Encyclopedia Authority

Reference Works: authority, authenteo G831

09 Matthew 3:13-17 The baptism of Jesus

41 Matthew 7:12-29 The Golden Rule

02 What’s easiest to say? Mark 2:1-12

05 What is your name? Mark 5:1-20

11 Who do you say that I am? Mark 8:27-38

15 Whose likeness is on this coin? Mark 11:27-12:17

01 1 John 1:1-4: The Word of Life

19 Romans 13:1-7 Submission, Fearlessness and Conscience

06 1Corinthians 2:1-5 Superiority of speech or lack thereof

30 What does Paul mean by head, 1?

31 What does Paul mean by head, 2?

10 Jeremiah 23:9-33 Who should we listen to?

Old Testament Canon: Why these books?

New Testament Canon: Why these books?

What is an apostle?

Who are the early church fathers?

What is the difference between “Son of God” and “Son of man”?

Should women wear head coverings today?

5 passages on women in authority in the church

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