Word Study: wise, sophos - Bible Study Tools | WednesdayintheWord.com

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Strong’s number: G4680

Greek Lexical Dictionary: Strong’s #4680 – σοφός

Greek Word: σοφός, ή, όν

Part of Speech: Adjective

Transliteration: sophos

Phonetic Spelling: (sof-os’)

Quick Definition: skilled, wise

Usage: wise, learned, cultivated, skilled, clever.

Etymology: a primary word

NASB Translation: wise (16), wise man (2), wise men (1), wiser (1).

New Testament usage

Mat 11:25; Mat 23:34; Luk 10:21; Rom 1:14; Rom 1:22; Rom 16:19; Rom 16:27; 1Co 1:19; 1Co 1:20; 1Co 1:25; 1Co 1:26; 1Co 1:27; 1Co 3:10; 1Co 3:18; 1Co 3:19; 1Co 3:20; 1Co 6:5; Eph 5:15; Jas 3:13.

Septuagint 153x in 142 verses

Gen 41:8; Exo 28:3; Exo 35:10; Exo 35:25; Exo 36:1; Exo 36:4; Exo 36:8; Dt 1:13; Dt 1:15; Dt 4:6; Dt 16:19; Dt 32:6; Jdg 5:29; 1Sa 16:18; 2Sa 13:3; 2Sa 14:2; 2Sa 14:20; 2Sa 20:16; 1Ki 2:9; 1Ki 3:12; 1Ch 22:15; 2Ch 2:6; 2Ch 2:11; 2Ch 2:12; 2Ch 2:13; Job 5:13; Job 9:4; Job 15:2; Job 15:18; Job 32:9; Job 34:2; Job 34:34; Job 37:24; Psa 48:10; Psa 57:6; Psa 106:43; Psa 145:8; Pro 1:5; Pro 1:6; Pro 3:35; Pro 6:6; Pro 9:8; Pro 9:9; Pro 9:12; Pro 10:1; Pro 10:4; Pro 10:8; Pro 10:14; Pro 12:15; Pro 12:18; Pro 13:10; Pro 13:13; Pro 13:14; Pro 13:20; Pro 14:1; Pro 14:3; Pro 14:7; Pro 14:16; Pro 14:24; Pro 15:2; Pro 15:7; Pro 15:12; Pro 15:20; Pro 16:14; Pro 16:21; Pro 16:23; Pro 17:24; Pro 18:15; Pro 19:20; Pro 20:1; Pro 20:26; Pro 21:11; Pro 21:20; Pro 21:22; Pro 22:17; Pro 23:15; Pro 23:19; Pro 23:24; Pro 24:5; Pro 24:7; Pro 24:23; Pro 25:12; Pro 26:5; Pro 26:12; Pro 26:16; Pro 27:11; Pro 28:11; Pro 29:8; Pro 29:9; Pro 29:11; Pro 30:24; Pro 31:28; Ecc 2:14; Ecc 2:16; Ecc 2:19; Ecc 4:13; Ecc 6:8; Ecc 7:4; Ecc 7:5; Ecc 7:7; Ecc 7:19; Ecc 8:1; Ecc 8:5; Ecc 8:17; Ecc 9:1; Ecc 9:11; Ecc 9:15; Ecc 9:17; Ecc 10:2; Ecc 10:12; Ecc 12:9; Ecc 12:11; Isa 3:3; Isa 19:11; Isa 19:12; Isa 29:14; Isa 31:2; Isa 40:20; Jer 4:22; Jer 8:8; Jer 8:9; Jer 9:16; Jer 9:22; Jer 28:57; Eze 27:8; Eze 27:9; Eze 28:3; Dan 2:12; Dan 2:13; Dan 2:14; Dan 2:18; Dan 2:21; Dan 2:24; Dan 2:27; Dan 2:48; Dan 4:6; Dan 4:18; Dan 5:7; Dan 5:8; Dan 5:15; Hos 14:10; Ob 1:8.

Paired with ‘clever’ (G4908): Mat 11:25; Luk 10:21; 1Co 1:19. LXX: Exo 31:6; Dt 1:13; Dt 1:15; 1Sa 16:18; 2Ki 11:9; 1Ch 15:22; 1Ch 27:32; Job 34:10; Job 34:34; Pro 16:21; Pro 17:24; Ecc 9:11; Isa 3:3; Isa 19:11; Isa 29:14; Jer 4:22.

Englishman’s Concordance: σοφός (sophos)

Lexicons

Thayer’s G4680: wise

  1. skilled, expert: of artificers
  2. wise, skilled in letters, cultivated, learned
    1. of the Greek philosophers and orators
    2. of Jewish theologians
    3. of Christian teachers
  3. forming the best plans and using the best means for their execution

Strong’s G4680: Akin to σαφής saphēs (clear); wise (in a most general application): – wise. Compare G5429.

Mounce G4680: wise; expert, skilled; (n.) a person who is skilled or expert, often as a class or kind, a wise man or woman

Related words: G4679 (verb); G4689 (noun fem); G5429 (adj)

Hebrew Equivalent Word: Strong #: 995 ‑ בִּין (bene);  2450 ‑ חָכָם (khaw‑kawm’);  2450 ‑ חָכָם (khaw‑kawm’);  2450 ‑ חָכָם (khaw‑kawm’);  2748 ‑ חַרְטֹם (khar‑tome’);  5228 ‑ נָכֹחַ (naw‑ko’‑akh);  

PreceptsAustin: sophos

Reference Works

Parable of the Wise & Foolish Virgins

02 Holy Spirit: Universal vs Individual

03 Holy Spirit: Revelation vs.understanding

07 Holy Spirit Pledge and Seal: Ephesians 1:13-23

09 Holy Spirit Unity: Romans 15:1-13

04 1Corinthians 1:18-25 Wisdom of the world

06 1Corinthians 2:1-5 Superiority of speech or lack thereof

07 1Corinthians 2:6-16 Wisdom from the Spirit

08 1Corinthians 3:1-4 Who are the carnal Christians?

11 1Corinthians 3:18-4:16 Be foolish to the world

41 1Corinthians 14:1-25 The greater gifts

01 Understanding God’s Will – as an individual

09 Philippians 3:12-21 Understanding maturity

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