Tools and resources you need to do a word study on the Greek word for coming, parousia.
Parousia conveys the thought of an arrival (advent or coming) of a person to a place plus the idea of their presence at that place until a certain event transpires. The word parousia has no English equivalent and therefore is often transliterated in writings.
Strong’s number: G3952
Greek Lexical Dictionary: Strong’s #3952 – παρουσία
Greek Word: παρουσία, ας, ἡ
Part of Speech: noun, feminie
Phonetic Spelling: par-oo-see’-ah
Quick Definition: a presence, a coming
Usage: (a) presence, (b) a coming, an arrival, advent, especially of the second coming of Christ. parousía is “used in the east as a technical expression for the royal visit of a king, or emperor. The word means literally ‘the being beside,’ thus, ‘the personal presence’ “
Etymology: from the pres. part. of pareimi; a combination of two Greek words para = with, alongside + ousia = being (ousia is the participial form of the verb eimi = to be) which together literally mean to be alongside.
NASB Translation: coming (22), presence (2).
New Testament usage
24 times in the New Testament; Not used in the Septuagint
Mat 24:3; Mat 24:27; Mat 24:37; Mat 24:39; 1Co 15:23; 1Co 16:17; 2Co 7:6; 2Co 7:7; 2Co 10:10; Php 1:26; Php 2:12; 1Th 2:19; 1Th 3:13; 1Th 4:15; 1Th 5:23; 2Th 2:1; 2Th 2:8; 2Th 2:9; Jas 5:7; Jas 5:8; 2Pe 1:16; 2Pe 3:4; 2Pe 3:12; 1Jn 2:28.
Englishman’s Concordance: παρουσία (parousia)
- the coming, arrival, advent
- the future visible return from heaven of Jesus, to raise the dead, hold the last judgment, and set up formally and gloriously the kingdom of God
Strong’s G3952: From the present participle of G3918; a being near, that is, advent (often, return; specifically of Christ to punish Jerusalem, or finally the wicked); (by implication) physical aspect: – coming, presence.
Mounce G3952: presence; coming, advent; in the NT usually of the second coming of the Son of Man, arriving as a conquering king
Hebrew Equivalent Word: