Deuteronomy quotes in the New Testament

by | Jul 16, 2020 | 02 Library, Quotations

Quotations/Allusions to the Old Testament book of Deuteronomy in the New Testament

DeuteronomyNew Testament
Dt 4:24 – “For the Lord your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.Heb 12:29
Dt 4:35 – To you it was shown that you might know that the Lord, He is God; there is no other besides Him.Mark 12:32
Dt 5:16 – ‘Honor your father and your mother, as the Lord your God has commanded you, that your days may be prolonged and that it may go well with you on the land which the Lord your God gives you.Matt 15:4;
Mark 7:10;
Eph 6:2
Dt 5:16,20 – ‘You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.Matt 19:18;
Mark 10:19;
Luke 18:20
Dt 5:17 – ‘You shall not murder.Matt 5:21;
Jas 2:11
Dt 5:17,21 – ‘You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, and you shall not desire your neighbor’s house, his field or his male servant or his female servant, his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.’Rom 7:7
Rom 13:9
Dt 5:18 – ‘You shall not commit adultery.Jas 2:11
Dt 6:4 – “Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one!Mark 12:29; Mark 12:32
Dt 6:5 – “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.Matt 22:37;
Mark 12:30; Mark 12:33;
Luke 10:27
Dt 6:13 – “You shall fear only the Lord your God; and you shall worship Him and swear by His name.Matt 4:10
Dt 6:16 – “You shall not put the Lord your God to the test, as you tested Him at Massah.Matt 4:7;
Luke 4:12
Dt 8:3 – “He humbled you and let you be hungry, and fed you with manna which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that He might make you understand that man does not live by bread alone, but man lives by everything that proceeds out of the mouth of the Lord.Matt 4:4;
Luke 4:4
Dt 9:3 – “Know therefore today that it is the Lord your God who is crossing over before you as a consuming fire. He will destroy them and He will subdue them before you, so that you may drive them out and destroy them quickly, just as the Lord has spoken to you.Heb 12:29
Dt 9:4 – “Do not say in your heart when the Lord your God has driven them out before you, ‘Because of my righteousness the Lord has brought me in to possess this land,’ but it is because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord is dispossessing them before you.Rom 10:6
Dt 9:19 – “For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure with which the Lord was wrathful against you in order to destroy you, but the Lord listened to me that time also.Heb 12:21
Dt 10:20 – “You shall fear the Lord your God; you shall serve Him and cling to Him, and you shall swear by His name.Matt 4:10;
Luke 4:8
Dt 17:7 – “The hand of the witnesses shall be first against him to put him to death, and afterward the hand of all the people. So you shall purge the evil from your midst.1Cor 5:13
Dt 18:15 – “The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him.Acts 7:37
Dt 18:15,20 – ‘But the prophet who speaks a word presumptuously in My name which I have not commanded him to speak, or which he speaks in the name of other gods, that prophet shall die.’Acts 3:22
Dt 19:15 – “A single witness shall not rise up against a man on account of any iniquity or any sin which he has committed; on the evidence of two or three witnesses a matter shall be confirmed.Matt 18:16;
2Cor 13:1;
1Tim 5:19
Dt 21:23 – his corpse shall not hang all night on the tree, but you shall surely bury him on the same day (for he who is hanged is accursed of God), so that you do not defile your land which the Lord your God gives you as an inheritance.Gal 3:13
Dt 24:1 – “When a man takes a wife and marries her, and it happens that she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out from his house,Mt 5:31; 19:7
Dt 25:4 – “You shall not muzzle the ox while he is threshing.1Cor 9:9;
1Tim 5:18
Dt 25:5 – “When brothers live together and one of them dies and has no son, the wife of the deceased shall not be married outside the family to a strange man. Her husband’s brother shall go in to her and take her to himself as wife and perform the duty of a husband’s brother to her.Matt 22:24;
Mark 12:19;
Luke 20:28
Dt 27:26 – ‘Cursed is he who does not confirm the words of this law by doing them.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’Gal 3:10;
Gal 3:13
Dt 29:4 – “Yet to this day the Lord has not given you a heart to know, nor eyes to see, nor ears to hear.Rom 11:8
Dt 29:18 – so that there will not be among you a man or woman, or family or tribe, whose heart turns away today from the Lord our God, to go and serve the gods of those nations; that there will not be among you a root bearing poisonous fruit and wormwood.Heb 12:15
Dt 30:12 – “It is not in heaven, that you should say, ‘Who will go up to heaven for us to get it for us and make us hear it, that we may observe it?’Rom 10:6
Dt 30:14 – “But the word is very near you, in your mouth and in your heart, that you may observe it.Rom 10:8
Dt 31:6 – “Be strong and courageous, do not be afraid or tremble at them, for the Lord your God is the one who goes with you. He will not fail you or forsake you.”Heb 13:5
Dt 32:4 – “The Rock! His work is perfect, For all His ways are just; A God of faithfulness and without injustice, Righteous and upright is He.Rev 15:3
Dt 32:21 – ‘They have made Me jealous with what is not God; They have provoked Me to anger with their idols. So I will make them jealous with those who are not a people;
I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation,
Rom 10:19
Dt 32:35 – ‘Vengeance is Mine, and retribution, In due time their foot will slip; For the day of their calamity is near, And the impending things are hastening upon them.’Rom 12:19;
Heb 10:30
Dt 32:36 – “For the Lord will vindicate His people, And will have compassion on His servants, When He sees that their strength is gone, And there is none remaining, bond or free.Heb 10:30
Dt 32:43 – “Rejoice, O nations, with His people; For He will avenge the blood of His servants, And will render vengeance on His adversaries, And will atone for His land and His people.”Rom 15:10;
Heb 1:6

A quotation is a word-for-word citation of the original source, often preceded by “it is written” or “saying”.

An allusion is a reference to the original source using the the same key words or thoughts without quoting word for word.

Because the New Testament writers often borrow the language of the Old Testament (allusion) rather than quote verses directly, different scholars suggest different counts for the number of times the New Testament quotes or refers to the Old Testament.

Quotes from the Septuagint (LXX) may have appear to have somewhat different wording than the linked translation of the Hebrew text.

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