Quotations/Allusions to the Old Testament books of Joshua 1&2Samuel, 1&2Kings, 1&2Chronicles and Job in the New Testament
|Josh 1:5 – No man will be able to stand before you all the days of your life. Just as I have been with Moses, I will be with you; I will not fail you or forsake you.||He 13:5|
|Josh 22:5 – Only be very careful to observe the commandment and the law which Moses the servant of the Lord commanded you, to love the Lord your God and walk in all His ways and keep His commandments and hold fast to Him and serve Him with all your heart and with all your soul.||Mt 22:37; |
Mk 12:30, 33;
|1 Sa 12:22 – For the Lord will not abandon His people on account of His great name, because the Lord has been pleased to make you a people for Himself.||Ro 11:1,2|
|2 Sa 5:2 – “Previously, when Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel out and in. And the Lord said to you, ‘You will shepherd My people Israel, and you will be a ruler over Israel.’ ”||Mt 2:6|
|2 Sa 7:8 – “Now therefore, thus you shall say to My servant David, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts, “I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, to be ruler over My people Israel.||2Co 6:18|
|2 Sa 7:14 – “I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; when he commits iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men and the strokes of the sons of men,||2Co 6:18; |
|2 Sa 22:50 – “Therefore I will give thanks to You, O Lord, among the nations, And I will sing praises to Your name.||Ro 15:9|
|1 Ki 19:10 -He said, “I have been very zealous for the Lord, the God of hosts; for the sons of Israel have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars and killed Your prophets with the sword. And I alone am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.”||Ro 11:3|
|1 Ki 19:14 – Then he said, “I have been very zealous for the Lord, the God of hosts; for the sons of Israel have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars and killed Your prophets with the sword. And I alone am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.”||Ro 11:3|
|1 Ki 19:18 – “Yet I will leave 7,000 in Israel, all the knees that have not bowed to Baal and every mouth that has not kissed him.”||Ro 11:4|
|2 Ki 1:10 – Elijah replied to the captain of fifty, “If I am a man of God, let fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty.” Then fire came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty. — 12 Elijah replied to them, “If I am a man of God, let fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty.” Then the fire of God came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty.||Lk 9:54; |
|2 Ki 19:15 – Hezekiah prayed before the Lord and said, “O Lord, the God of Israel, who are enthroned above the cherubim, You are the God, You alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth. You have made heaven and earth.||Acts 4:24|
|2 Chr 2:12 – Then Huram continued, “Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who has made heaven and earth, who has given King David a wise son, endowed with discretion and understanding, who will build a house for the Lord and a royal palace for himself.||Acts 4:24|
|2 Chr 18:16 – So he said, “I saw all Israel Scattered on the mountains, Like sheep which have no shepherd; And the Lord said, ‘These have no master. Let each of them return to his house in peace.’ ”||Mt 9:36|
|Job 5:12 – He frustrates the plotting of the shrewd, So that their hands cannot attain success.||1Co 3:19|
|Job 16:19 – “Even now, behold, my witness is in heaven,|
And my advocate is on high.
|Mt 21:9; Mk 11:10|
|Job 41:11 – Who has given to Me that I should repay him?|
Whatever is under the whole heaven is Mine.
A quotation is a word-for-word citation of the original source, often preceded by “it is written.”
An allusion is a reference to the original source using the the same key words or thoughts without quoting word for word.
Because the New Testament writers often borrow the language of the Old Testament (allusion) rather than quote verses directly, different scholars have different counts for the number of times an Old Testament book is quoted in the New Testament. Comparison of various sources reveals considerable variation as to what is interpreted as an Old Testament quotation. Also, many of the Old Testament quotes are from the Septuagint (LXX) which is why the New Testament wording may appear somewhat different.