Exodus quotes in the New Testament

by | Jun 8, 2020 | 02 Library, Quotations

Quotations/Allusions to the Old Testament book of Exodus in the New Testament

ExodusNew Testament
Exodus 1:8 – Now a new king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.Acts 7:18
Exodus 2:14 – But he said, “Who made you a prince or a judge over us? Are you intending to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?” Then Moses was afraid and said, “Surely the matter has become known.”Acts 7:27-28
Exodus 2:22 – Then she gave birth to a son, and he named him Gershom, for he said, “I have been a sojourner in a foreign land.Acts 7:6
Exodus 3:5 – Then He said, “Do not come near here; remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground.”Acts 7:33
Exodus 3:6 – He said also, “I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” Then Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.Matt 22:32; Mark 12:26;
Luke 20:37;
Acts 3:13; Acts 7:32
Exodus 3:7-10 – The Lord said, “I have surely seen the affliction of My people who are in Egypt, and have given heed to their cry because of their taskmasters, for I am aware of their sufferings. 8So I have come down to deliver them from the power of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a good and spacious land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite. 9Now, behold, the cry of the sons of Israel has come to Me; furthermore, I have seen the oppression with which the Egyptians are oppressing them. 10Therefore, come now, and I will send you to Pharaoh, so that you may bring My people, the sons of Israel, out of Egypt.”Acts 7:34
Exodus 9:16 – But, indeed, for this reason I have allowed you to remain, in order to show you My power and in order to proclaim My name through all the earthRom 9:17
Exodus 12:46 – “It is to be eaten in a single house; you are not to bring forth any of the flesh outside of the house, nor are you to break any bone of it.John 19:36
Exodus 13:2 – Sanctify to Me every firstborn, the first offspring of every womb among the sons of Israel, both of man and beast; it belongs to Me.”Luke 2:23
Exodus 13:12 – you shall devote to the Lord the first offspring of every womb, and the first offspring of every beast that you own; the males belong to the Lord.Luke 2:23
Exodus 13:15 – ‘It came about, when Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us go, that the Lord killed every firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of beast. Therefore, I sacrifice to the Lord the males, the first offspring of every womb, but every firstborn of my sons I redeem.’Luke 2:23
Exodus 16:18 – When they measured it with an omer, he who had gathered much had no excess, and he who had gathered little had no lack; every man gathered as much as he should eat.2Cor 8:15
Exodus 19:5 – Now then, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be My own possession among all the peoples, for all the earth is Mine; 6and you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words that you shall speak to the sons of Israel.”1Pe 2:9
Exodus 19:12 – You shall set bounds for the people all around, saying, ‘Beware that you do not go up on the mountain or touch the border of it; whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death.Heb 12:20
Exodus 20:11 – For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.Acts 4:24; Acts 14:15
Exodus 20:12 – Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which the Lord your God gives you.Matt 15:4;
Mark 7:10;
Eph 6:2
Exodus 20:13 – You shall not murder.Matt 5:21;
Jas 2:11
Rom 13:9
Exodus 20:14 – “You shall not commit adultery.Matt 5:27;
Jas 2:11
Exodus 20:16 – “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.Matt 19:18; Mark 10:19; Luke 18:20
Exodus 20:17 – “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife or his male servant or his female servant or his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”
Rom 7:7;
Rom 13:9
Exodus 21:17 – He who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.Matt 15:4;
Mark 7:10
Exodus 21:24 – eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,Matt 5:38
Exodus 22:27 – for that is his only covering; it is his cloak for his body. What else shall he sleep in? And it shall come about that when he cries out to Me, I will hear him, for I am gracious.Acts 23:5
Exodus 23:20 – Behold, I am going to send an angel before you to guard you along the way and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.Matt 11:10; Mark 1:2;
Luke 7:27
Exodus 24:8 – Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people, and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.Heb 9:20
Exodus 25:40 – See that you make them after the pattern for them, which was shown to you on the mountain.Heb 8:5
Exodus 32:1 – Now when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, the people assembled about Aaron and said to him, “Come, make us a god who will go before us; as for this Moses, the man who brought us up from the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.”Acts 7:40
Exodus 32:6 – So the next day they rose early and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.1Cor 10:7
Exodus 32:23 – For they said to me, ‘Make a god for us who will go before us; for this Moses, the man who brought us up from the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of himActs 7:40
Exodus 33:19 – And He said, “I Myself will make all My goodness pass before you, and will proclaim the name of the Lord before you; and I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show compassion on whom I will show compassion.”Rom 9:15
Exodus 34:34 – But whenever Moses went in before the Lord to speak with Him, he would take off the veil until he came out; and whenever he came out and spoke to the sons of Israel what he had been commanded,2Cor 3:16

A quotation is a word-for-word citation of the original source, often preceded by “it is written” or “saying”.

An allusion is a reference to the original source using the the same key words or thoughts without quoting word for word.

Because the New Testament writers often borrow the language of the Old Testament (allusion) rather than quote verses directly, different scholars suggest different counts for the number of times the New Testament quotes or refers to the Old Testament.

Quotes from the Septuagint (LXX) may have appear to have somewhat different wording than the linked translation of the Hebrew text.

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