Quotations/Allusions to the Old Testament psalms in the New Testament
|2:1 Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain? 2:2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against his Anointed, saying,||Acts 4:25-26|
|2:7 I will tell of the decree: The LORD said to me, “You are my Son; today I have begotten you.||Acts 13:33; Hebrews 1:5; Hebrews 5:5|
|2:8 Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage, and the ends of the earth your possession.|
2:9 You shall break them with a rod of iron and dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel.”
|Revelation 2:26-27; 12:5; 19:15|
|4:4 Be angry, and do not sin; ponder in your own hearts on your beds, and be silent. Selah||Ephesians 4:26|
|5:9 For there is no truth in their mouth; their inmost self is destruction; their throat is an open grave; they flatter with their tongue.||Romans 3:13|
|6:3 My soul also is greatly troubled. But you, O LORD–how long?||John 12:27|
|6:8 Depart from me, all you workers of evil, for the LORD has heard the sound of my weeping.||Matthew 7:23; Luke 13:27|
|8:2 Out of the mouth of babies and infants, you have established strength because of your foes, to still the enemy and the avenger.||Matthew 21:16|
|8:4 what is man that you are mindful of him, and the son of man that you care for him?|
8:5 Yet you have made him a little lower than the heavenly beings and crowned him with glory and honor.
8:6 You have given him dominion over the works of your hands; you have put all things under his feet,
|Hebrews 2:6-8; 1Corinthians 15:27; |
|10:7 His mouth is filled with cursing and deceit and oppression; under his tongue are mischief and iniquity.||Romans 3:14|
|14:1 To the choirmaster. Of David. The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, they do abominable deeds, there is none who does good.|
14:2 The LORD looks down from heaven on the children of man, to see if there are any who understand, who seek after God.
14:3 They have all turned aside; together they have become corrupt; there is none who does good, not even one.
|16:8 I have set the LORD always before me; because he is at my right hand, I shall not be shaken.|
16:9 Therefore my heart is glad, and my whole being rejoices; my flesh also dwells secure.
16:10 For you will not abandon my soul to Sheol, or let your holy one see corruption.
16:11 You make known to me the path of life; in your presence there is fullness of joy; at your right hand are pleasures forevermore.
|Acts 2:25-28; Acts 13:35|
|18:2 The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, my God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.||Hebrews 2:13|
|18:49 For this I will praise you, O LORD, among the nations, and sing to your name.||Romans 15:9|
|19:4 Their voice goes out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them he has set a tent for the sun,||Romans 10:18|
|22:1 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning?||Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34;|
|22:7 All who see `me mock me; they make mouths at me; they wag their heads;||Matthew 27:39; Mark 15:29;|
|22:8 “He trusts in the LORD; let him deliver him; let him rescue him, for he delights in him!”||Matthew 27:43|
|22:18 they divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.||Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24;|
Luke 23:34; John 19:24
|22:22 I will tell of your name to my brothers; in the midst of the congregation I will praise you:||Hebrews 2:12|
|24:1 The earth is the LORD’s and the fullness thereof, the world and those who dwell therein,||1Corinthians 10:26-28|
|31:5 Into your hand I commit my spirit; you have redeemed me, O LORD, faithful God.||Luke 23:46|
|32:1 Blessed is the one whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.|
32:2 Blessed is the man against whom the LORD counts no iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no deceit.
|34:8 Oh, taste and see that the LORD is good! Blessed is the man who takes refuge in him!||1Peter 2:3|
|34:12 What man is there who desires life and loves many days, that he may see good?|
34:13 Keep your tongue from evil and your lips from speaking deceit.
34:14 Turn away from evil and do good; seek peace and pursue it.
34:15 The eyes of the LORD are toward the righteous and his ears toward their cry.
34:16 The face of the LORD is against those who do evil, to cut off the memory of them from the earth.
|34:20 He keeps all his bones; not one of them is broken.||John 19:36|
|35:19 Let not those rejoice over me who are wrongfully my foes, and let not those wink the eye who hate me without cause.||John 15:25|
|36:1 Transgression speaks to the wicked deep in his heart; there is no fear of God before his eyes.||Romans 3:18|
|37:11 But the meek shall inherit the land and delight themselves in abundant peace.||Matthew 5:5|
|40:6 In sacrifice and offering you have not delighted, but you have given me an open ear. Burnt offering and sin offering you have not required.|
40:7 Then I said, “Behold, I have come; in the scroll of the book it is written of me:
40:8 I delight to do your will, O my God; your law is within my heart.”
|41:9 Even my close friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted his heel against me.||John 13:18|
|41:13 Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting! Amen and Amen.||Luke 1:68|
|42:5 Why are you cast down, O my soul, and why are you in turmoil within me? Hope in God; for I shall again praise him, my salvation||Matthew 26:38; Mark 14:34|
|44:22 Yet for your sake we are killed all the day long; we are regarded as sheep to be slaughtered.||Romans 8:36|
|45:6 Your throne, O God, is forever and ever. The scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness;|
45:7 you have loved righteousness and hated wickedness. Therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions;
|48:2 beautiful in elevation, is the joy of all the earth, Mount Zion, in the far north, the city of the great King.||Matthew 5:35|
|51:4 Against you, you only, have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight, so that you may be justified in your words and blameless in your judgment.||Romans 3:4|
|53:1 The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, doing abominable iniquity; there is none who does good.v|
53:2 God looks down from heaven on the children of man to see if there are any who understand, who seek after God.
53:3 They have all fallen away; together they have become corrupt; there is none who does good, not even one.
|55:22 Cast your burden on the LORD, and he will sustain you; he will never permit the righteous to be moved.||1 Peter 5:7|
|62:12 and that to you, O Lord, belongs steadfast love. For you will render to a man according to his work.||Matthew 16:27; Romans 2:6|
|68:18 You ascended on high, leading a host of captives in your train and receiving gifts among men, even among the rebellious, that the LORD God may dwell there.||Ephesians 4:8|
|69:4 More in number than the hairs of my head are those who hate me without cause; mighty are those who would destroy me, those who attack me with lies. What I did not steal must I now restore?||John 15:25|
|69:9 For zeal for your house has consumed me, and the reproaches of those who reproach you have fallen on me.||John 2:17; Romans 15:3|
|69:21 They gave me poison for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink.||Matthew 27:34; Matt 27:48; Mark 15:36;|
Luke 23:36; John 19:28-29
|69:22 Let their own table before them become a snare; and when they are at peace, let it become a trap.|
69:23 Let their eyes be darkened, so that they cannot see, and make their loins tremble continually.
|69:25 May their camp be a desolation; let no one dwell in their tents.||Acts 1:20|
|72:18 Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, who alone does wondrous things.||Luke 1:68|
|78:2 I will open my mouth in a parable; I will utter dark sayings from of old,||Matthew 13:35|
|78:24 and he rained down on them manna to eat and gave them the grain of heaven.||John 6:31|
|82:6 I said, “You are gods, sons of the Most High, all of you;||John 10:34|
|86:9 All the nations you have made shall come and worship before you, O Lord, and shall glorify your name.||Revelation 15:4|
|88:8 You have caused my companions to shun me; you have made me a horror to them. I am shut in so that I cannot escape;||Luke 23:49|
|89:10 You crushed Rahab like a carcass; you scattered your enemies with your mighty arm.||Luke 1:51|
|89:20 I have found David, my servant; with my holy oil I have anointed him,||Acts 13:22|
|90:4 For a thousand years in your sight are but as yesterday when it is past, or as a watch in the night.||2Peter 3:8|
|91:11 For he will command his angels concerning you to guard you in all your ways.|
91:12 On their hands they will bear you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.
91:13 You will tread on the lion and the adder; the young lion and the serpent you will trample underfoot.
|Matthew 4:6; Luke 4:10-11|
|94:11 the LORD–knows the thoughts of man, that they are but a breath.||1Corinthians 3:20|
|94:14 For the LORD will not forsake his people; he will not abandon his heritage;||Romans 11:1-2|
|95:7 For he is our God, and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. Today, if you hear his voice,|
95:8 do not harden your hearts, as at Meribah, as on the day at Massah in the wilderness,
95:9 when your fathers put me to the test and put me to the proof, though they had seen my work.
95:10 For forty years I loathed that generation and said, “They are a people who go astray in their heart, and they have not known my ways.”
95:11 Therefore I swore in my wrath, “They shall not enter my rest.”
|97:7 All worshipers of images are put to shame, who make their boast in worthless idols; worship him, all you gods!||Hebrews 1:6|
|98:3 He has remembered his steadfast love and faithfulness to the house of Israel. All the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.||Luke 1:54|
|102:25 Of old you laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands.|
102:26 They will perish, but you will remain; they will all wear out like a garment. You will change them like a robe, and they will pass away,
102:27 but you are the same, and your years have no end.
|103:17 But the steadfast love of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting on those who fear him, and his righteousness to children’s children,||Luke 1:50|
|104:4 he makes his messengers winds, his ministers a flaming fire.||Hebrews 1:7|
|105:8 He remembers his covenant forever, the word that he commanded, for a thousand generations,|
105:9 the covenant that he made with Abraham, his sworn promise to Isaac,
|106:10 So he saved them from the hand of the foe and redeemed them from the power of the enemy.||Luke 1:71|
|106:45 For their sake he remembered his covenant, and relented according to the abundance of his steadfast love.||Luke 1:72|
|106:48 Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting! And let all the people say, “Amen!” Praise the LORD!||Luke 1:68|
|107:9 For he satisfies the longing soul, and the hungry soul he fills with good things.||Luke 1:53|
|109:8 May his days be few; may another take his office!||Acts 1:20|
|109:25 I am an object of scorn to my accusers; when they see me, they wag their heads.||Matthew 27:39|
|110:1 A Psalm of David. The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.”||Mat 22:44; Mat 26:64; |
Mark 12:36; Mark 14:62; Mark 16:19;
Luke 20:42-43; Luke 22:69;
Heb 1:3; Heb 1:13; Heb 8:1; Heb 10:12-13; Heb 12:2;
1Cor 15:25; 1Peter 3:22;
Eph 1:20; Col 3:1;
|110:4 The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind, “You are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.”||Hebrews 5:6; Heb 6:20; Heb 7:17; Heb 7:21|
|111:9 He sent redemption to his people; he has commanded his covenant forever. Holy and awesome is his name!||Luke 1:68; Luke 1:49|
|112:9 He has distributed freely; he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures forever; his horn is exalted in honor.||2Corinthians 9:9|
|116:10 I believed, even when I spoke, “I am greatly afflicted”;||2Corinthians 4:13|
|117:1 Praise the LORD, all nations! Extol him, all peoples!||Romans 15:11|
|118:6 The LORD is on my side; I will not fear. What can man do to me?||Hebrews 13:6|
|118:22 The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.|
118:23 This is the LORD’s doing; it is marvelous in our eyes.
|Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10-11; Luke 20:17; |
Acts 4:11; 1Peter 2:4-7
|118:25 Save us, we pray, O LORD! O LORD, we pray, give us success!|
118:26 Blessed is he who comes in the name of the LORD! We bless you from the house of the LORD.
|Matthew 21:9; Matt 23:39;|
Luke 13:35; 19:38;
|132:4 I will not give sleep to my eyes or slumber to my eyelids,|
132:5 until I find a place for the LORD, a dwelling place for the Mighty One of Jacob.”
|132:11 The LORD swore to David a sure oath from which he will not turn back: “One of the sons of your body I will set on your throne.||Acts 2:30|
|132:17 There I will make a horn to sprout for David; I have prepared a lamp for my anointed.||Luke 1:69|
|135:14 For the LORD will vindicate his people and have compassion on his servants.||Hebrews 10:30|
|140:3 They make their tongue sharp as a serpent’s, and under their lips is the venom of asps. Selah||Romans 3:13|
|143:2 Enter not into judgment with your servant, for no one living is righteous before you.||Romans 3:20|
|146:6 who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, who keeps faith forever;||Acts 4:24; Acts 14:15|
A quotation is a word-for-word citation of the original source, often preceded by “it is written” or “saying”.
An allusion is a reference to the original source using the the same key words or thoughts without quoting word for word.
Because the New Testament writers often borrow the language of the Old Testament (allusion) rather than quote verses directly, different scholars suggest different counts for the number of times the New Testament quotes or refers to the Old Testament.
Quotes from the Septuagint (LXX) may have appear to have somewhat different wording than the linked translation of the Hebrew text.
Previous: Joshua to Job
More: Psalm Resources
Adapted from the appendix in A. F. Kirkpatrick, The Book of Psalms (1902).