Tools and resources you need to do a word study on the Greek verb for compel or force.
Strong’s number: G971
Greek Lexical Dictionary: Strong’s #971 – βιάζω
Greek Word: βίαζομαι
Part of Speech: Verb
Phonetic Spelling: (bee-ad’-zo)
Quick Definition: to force, to compel, to urge
Usage: (a) mid: I use force, force my way, come forward violently, (b) pass: I am forcibly treated, suffer violence.
Etymology: from G979
NASB Translation: forcing his way (1), suffers violence (1).
- in the middle voice (subject initiates the action and participates in the carrying out of the action): to overpower or apply force;
- in the passive voice (subject is a recipient of the action): to urge, strongly urge or compel.
New Testament usage
Both Matthew and Luke use the verb form βιαζεται which can be EITHER Present Middle Indicative 3rd Person Singular OR Present Passive Indicative 3rd Person Singular.
Gen 33:11 (εβιασατο V-AMI-3S); Exo 19:24 (βιαζεσθωσαν V-PMD-3P); Dt 22:25 (βιασαμενος V-AMP-NS); Dt 22:28 (βιασαμενος V-AMP-NS); Jdg 13:15 (βιασωμεθα V-AMI-1P); Jdg 13:16 (βιαση V-AAS-3S); Jdg 19:7 (εβιασατο V-AMI-3S); 2Sa 13:25 (εβιασατοV-AMI-3S); 2Sa 13:27 (εβιασατο V-AMI-3S); Est 7:8 (βιαζηV-PMI-2S).
Englishman’s Concordance: βιάζω (biazó)
- to use force, to apply force
- to force, inflict violence on
Strong’s G971: From G970; to force, that is, (reflexively) to crowd oneself (into), or (passively) to be seized: – press, suffer violence.
Mounce G971: (mid.) to force one’s way
Hebrew Equivalent Word: Strong #: 2040 ‑ הָרַס (haw‑ras’); 2388 ‑ חָזַק (khaw‑zak’); 3533 ‑ כָּבַשׁ (kaw‑bash’); 6113 ‑ עָצַר (aw‑tsar’); 6484 ‑ פָּצַר (paw‑tsar’); 6555 ‑ פָּרַץ (paw‑rats’); 8610 ‑ תָּפַשׂ (taw‑fas’);
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