Study questions, maps, charts, outlines, and links to help you study the Old Testament book of Habakkuk.
Bible Study: Habakkuk: Faith Under Fire
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- Habakkuk is the only Old Testament book consisting entirely of a dialogue between God and man.
- Habakkuk and Jeremiah were God’s last prophets to Judah before the invasion by Babylon.
- Historical Setting of Habakkuk
- 722 BC – Norther Kingdom of Israel falls to Assyria
- 640 BC – Josiah becomes King of Judah (2 Kings 22:1-2)
- 627 BC – Jeremiah begins his ministry
- 626 BC – The Babylonian prince Nabopolassar re-establishes Babylon as an independent city. The Babylonians — also known as the Chaldeans — are one of the vassal states of Assyria and they are threatening rebel.
- 612 BC – Naboppolassar forms an alliance with the Medes and embarks on a quest to gain dominance over the empire and destroy Assyria. They sack Nineveh.
- 609 BC – The Eqyptian king decides he needs Assyria as a buffer between his kingdom and the Babyloian/Mede alliance. He heads north to help Assyria resist the rebellion, marching through Judah in the process. King Josiah decides to stop him. Josiah is killed at Megiddo. His death is disastrous for the nation. (2 Kings 23:29-37).
- After Josiah’s death, the people place his son Jehoahaz on the throne. But 3 months later as the Pharoah returns from his unsuccessful attempt to help the Assyrians against the Bablylonian/Mede alliance, the Pharoah deposes Jehoahaz, carts him off to Egypt and installs Jehoiakim on the throne.
- 605 BC – Nebuchadnezzar II, now the ruler of Babylon, defeats Egypt in the battle at Carchemish. Jehoiakim swears allegiance to Babylon and the whole of Syria and Palestine fall under Babylonian control (Jeremiah 46:1-2).
- It is during the rule of Jehoakim that Habakkuk prophesized.
- Habbakuk’s world is in tremendous geo-political turmoil.
- Into that setting Habakkuk seeks the Lord, asking how long will this go on? When will you rescue your people?
Genre: Understanding Prophecy
|Southern Kingdom 931-586 BC||Prophets||Biblical References||Assyrian & Chaldean Kings|
|Josiah 31 yrs|
|Jeremiah Zephaniah||2Kng 22:1-23:30;|
|Ashurbanipal 668-627 BC (Assyrian)|
|Jehoahaz (Shallum) 3 mos 609 BC||Jeremiah||2Kng 23:31-34;|
|Nebuchadnezzar II 605-562 BC (Chaldean)|
|Jehoaikim (Eliakim) |
|Jeremiah Habakkuk Daniel||2Kng 23:34-24:7;|
Jer 22:13-23; Jer 26; Jer 36
|605 BC – defeats Egypt & Assyria at Carchemish|
|Jehoiachin (Coniah) |
|Jeremiah Daniel||2Kng 25:8-17;|
2Chr 36:9-10; Jer 22:24-30;
|597 BC – crushes Jehoiakim’s revolt & loots temple|
|Zedekiah (Mattaniah) |
|Jeremiah Daniel Ezekiel||2Kng 24:17-25:7; 2Chr 36:11-21; Jer 39:1-10;|
|589 BC – Zedekiah revolts; siege of Jerusalem begin|
|586 BC||Fall of Jerusalem|
Background & Outlines
ESV: Introduction to Habakkuk (contains a nice map)
James van Dine: Analysis of Habakkuk
JVernon McGee: Nahum and Habakkuk – Introduction
David Malick: An Argument of the Book of Habakkuk
Arend Remmers: The Prophet Habakkuk (Overview)
Charles Swindoll: Habakkuk Overview
Will Pounds: Habakkuk: Lord How Long? – Background Introduction
Maps from Holman Bible Atlas
The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah
Judah Alone amid International Powers
The Persian Period
Key Words in Habakkuk
LORD/God is always a key word (12x)
Why? 4x/3v – Hab 1:3; Hab 1:13; Hab 1:14;
Faith 1x in Hab 2:4
Save/Salvation 5x in Hab 1:2; Hab 3:8; Hab 3:13; Hab 3:18 (2x)
Selah (a call to pause and be silent that the soul may “listen to the divine illuming” (3x) in Hab 3:3; Hab 3:9; Hab 3:13(elsewhere only in Psalms).
wicked (3x) in Hab 1:4; Hab 1:13; proud (1x) – Hab 2:4; evil (3x) in Hab 1:13; Hab 2:9; Hab 3:13.
Dictionaries & Encyclopedias
Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary: Habakkuk, Theology of
Holman Bible Dictionary: Habakkuk
Hastings’ Dictionary of the Bible: Habakkuk
McClintock and Strong: Habakkuk, Book of
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: Habakkuk
Kitto’s Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature: Habakkuk
Habakkuk means “He that embraces; a wrestler” – Hitchcock’s Bible Names
American Tract Society Habakkuk
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary Habakkuk
Easton’s Bible Dictionary Habakkuk
Fausset Bible Dictionary Habakkuk
1911 Encyclopedia Britannica Habakkuk
The Nuttall Encyclopedia Habakkuk
The Jewish Encyclopedia Habakkuk