Quotations/Allusions to the Old Testament book of Isaiah in the New Testament
|Isa 1:9 – Unless the Lord of hosts Had left us a few survivors,|
We would be like Sodom, We would be like Gomorrah
|Isa 5:9 – In my ears the Lord of hosts has sworn, “Surely, many houses shall become desolate, Even great and fine ones, without occupants.||Jas 5:4|
|Isa 6:3 – And one called out to another and said, “Holy, Holy, Holy, is the Lord of hosts, The whole earth is full of His glory.”||Re 4:8|
|Isa 6:9 – He said, “Go, and tell this people: ‘Keep on listening, but do not perceive; Keep on looking, but do not understand.’||Mt 13:14; |
|Isa 6:10 -“Render the hearts of this people insensitive, Their ears dull, And their eyes dim, Otherwise they might see with their eyes, Hear with their ears, Understand with their hearts, And return and be healed.”||Jn 12:40|
|Isa 7:14 – “Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, a virgin will be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel.||Mt 1:23|
|Isa 8:10 – “Devise a plan, but it will be thwarted; State a proposal, but it will not stand, For God is with us.”||Mt 1:23|
|Isa 8:12 – “You are not to say, ‘It is a conspiracy!’ In regard to all that this people call a conspiracy, And you are not to fear what they fear or be in dread of it.||1Pe 3:14|
|Isa 8:13 – “It is the Lord of hosts whom you should regard as holy. And He shall be your fear, And He shall be your dread.||1Pe 3:15|
|Isa 8:14 – “Then He shall become a sanctuary; But to both the houses of Israel, a stone to strike and a rock to stumble over, And a snare and a trap for the inhabitants of Jerusalem.||Ro 9:33; |
|Isa 8:17 – And I will wait for the Lord who is hiding His face from the house of Jacob; I will even look eagerly for Him.||He 2:13|
|Isa 8:18 – Behold, I and the children whom the Lord has given me are for signs and wonders in Israel from the Lord of hosts, who dwells on Mount Zion.||He 2:13|
|Isa 9:1 – But there will be no more gloom for her who was in anguish; in earlier times He treated the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali with contempt, but later on He shall make it glorious, by the way of the sea, on the other side of Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles. 2The people who walk in darkness Will see a great light; Those who live in a dark land,|
The light will shine on them.
|Mt 4:15, 16|
|Isa 10:3 – Now what will you do in the day of punishment,|
And in the devastation which will come from afar? To whom will you flee for help? And where will you leave your wealth?
|Isa 10:22 – For though your people, O Israel, may be like the sand of the sea, Only a remnant within them will return;|
A destruction is determined, overflowing with righteousness.
|Isa 11:2 – The Spirit of the Lord will rest on Him, The spirit of wisdom and understanding, The spirit of counsel and strength, The spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord.||1Pe 4:14|
|Isa 11:10 – Then in that day The nations will resort to the root of Jesse, Who will stand as a signal for the peoples; And His resting place will be glorious.||Ro 15:12|
|Isa 12:2 – “Behold, God is my salvation, I will trust and not be afraid; For the Lord God is my strength and song, And He has become my salvation.”||He 2:13|
|Isa 13:10 – For the stars of heaven and their constellations Will not flash forth their light; The sun will be dark when it rises And the moon will not shed its light.||Mt 24:29; Mk 13:24|
|Isa 22:13 – Instead, there is gaiety and gladness, Killing of cattle and slaughtering of sheep, Eating of meat and drinking of wine: “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we may die.”||1Co 15:32|
|Isa 25:8 – 8 He will swallow up death for all time, And the Lord God will wipe tears away from all faces, And He will remove the reproach of His people from all the earth; For the Lord has spoken.||1Co 15:54; |
Re 7:17; 21:4
|Isa 26:13 – O Lord our God, other masters besides You have ruled us; But through You alone we confess Your name.||2Ti 2:19|
|Isa 26:19 – Your dead will live; Their corpses will rise. You who lie in the dust, awake and shout for joy, For your dew is as the dew of the dawn, And the earth will give birth to the departed spirits.||Mt 11:5; Lk 7:22|
|Isa 26:20 – Come, my people, enter into your rooms And close your doors behind you; Hide for a little while Until indignation runs its course.||He 10:37|
|Isa 27:9 – Therefore through this Jacob’s iniquity will be forgiven; And this will be the full price of the pardoning of his sin: When he makes all the altar stones like pulverized chalk stones; When Asherim and incense altars will not stand.||Ro 11:27|
|Isa 28:11 – Indeed, He will speak to this people Through stammering lips and a foreign tongue,||1Co 14:21|
|Isa 28:16 – Therefore thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone, A costly cornerstone for the foundation, firmly placed. He who believes in it will not be disturbed.||Ro 9:33; 10:11; 1Pe 2:6|
|Isa 29:10 – For the Lord has poured over you a spirit of deep sleep, He has shut your eyes, the prophets; And He has covered your heads, the seers.||Ro 11:8|
|Isa 29:13 – Then the Lord said, “Because this people draw near with their words And honor Me with their lip service,|
But they remove their hearts far from Me, And their reverence for Me consists of tradition learned by rote,
|Mt 15:8, 9; |
Mk 7:6, 7
|Isa 29:14 – Therefore behold, I will once again deal marvelously with this people, wondrously marvelous;|
And the wisdom of their wise men will perish, And the discernment of their discerning men will be concealed.
|Isa 29:16 – You turn things around! Shall the potter be considered as equal with the clay, That what is made would say to its maker, “He did not make me”; Or what is formed say to him who formed it, “He has no understanding”?||Ro 9:20|
|Isa 29:18 – On that day the deaf will hear words of a book,|
And out of their gloom and darkness the eyes of the blind will see.
|Mt 11:5; Lk 7:22|
|Isa 34:4 – And all the host of heaven will wear away,|
And the sky will be rolled up like a scroll;
All their hosts will also wither away
As a leaf withers from the vine,
Or as one withers from the fig tree.
|Mt 24:29; Mk 13:25|
|Isa 35:4 – Say to those with anxious heart, “Take courage, fear not. Behold, your God will come with vengeance; The recompense of God will come, But He will save you.”||Jn 12:15|
|Isa 35:5 -Then the eyes of the blind will be opened|
And the ears of the deaf will be unstopped.
|Mt 11:5; Lk 7:22|
|Isa 37:16 – “O Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, who is enthroned above the cherubim, You are the God, You alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth. You have made heaven and earth.||Acts 4:24|
|Isa 40:3 – A voice is calling, “Clear the way for the Lord in the wilderness; Make smooth in the desert a highway for our God||Mt 3:3; Mk 1:3; Jn 1:23|
|Isa 40:4Let every valley be lifted up, And every mountain and hill be made low; And let the rough ground become a plain,|
And the rugged terrain a broad valley; 5Then the glory of the Lord will be revealed, And all flesh will see it together; For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”
|Luk 3:5, 6|
|Isa 40:6 – A voice says, “Call out.” Then he answered, “What shall I call out?” All flesh is grass, and all its loveliness is like the flower of the field.||1Pe 1:24|
|Isa 40:8 – The grass withers, the flower fades, But the word of our God stands forever.||1Pe 1:25|
|Isa 40:13 – Who has directed the Spirit of the Lord,|
Or as His counselor has informed Him?
|Ro 11:34; 1Co 2:16|
|Isa 42:1 – “Behold, My Servant, whom I uphold; My chosen one in whom My soul delights. I have put My Spirit upon Him;|
He will bring forth justice to the nations., 2He will not cry out or raise His voice,Nor make His voice heard in the street. 3A bruised reed He will not break And a dimly burning wick He will not extinguish; He will faithfully bring forth justice. 4He will not be disheartened or crushed Until He has established justice in the earth; And the coastlands will wait expectantly for His law.”
|Mt 12:18, 19, 20, 21|
|Isa 42:12 – Let them give glory to the Lord|
And declare His praise in the coastland
|1Pe 2:9 |
|Isa 42:18 – Hear, you deaf! And look, you blind, that you may see.||Mt 11:5; Lk 7:22|
|Isa 43:20 -“The beasts of the field will glorify Me,|
The jackals and the ostriches, Because I have given waters in the wilderness And rivers in the desert, To give drink to My chosen people. 21The people whom I formed for Myself
Will declare My praise.
|1Pe 2:9 (?)|
|Isa 45:14 -Thus says the Lord, “The products of Egypt and the merchandise of Cush And the Sabeans, men of stature, Will come over to you and will be yours; They will walk behind you, they will come over in chains And will bow down to you;|
They will make supplication to you: ‘Surely, God is with you, and there is none else, No other God.’ ”
|Isa 45:21 – “Declare and set forth your case; Indeed, let them consult together. Who has announced this from of old?|
Who has long since declared it? Is it not I, the Lord?
And there is no other God besides Me, A righteous God and a Savior; There is none except Me.
|Mk 12:32; Acts 15:18|
|Isa 45:23 -“I have sworn by Myself, The word has gone forth from My mouth in righteousness And will not turn back,|
That to Me every knee will bow, every tongue will swear allegiance.
|Isa 49:6 – He says, “It is too small a thing that You should be My Servant To raise up the tribes of Jacob and to restore the preserved ones of Israel; I will also make You a light of the nations So that My salvation may reach to the end of the earth.”||Acts 13:47|
|Isa 49:8 – Thus says the Lord, “In a favorable time I have answered You, And in a day of salvation I have helped You;|
And I will keep You and give You for a covenant of the people,
To restore the land, to make them inherit the desolate heritages;
|Isa 49:10 – “They will not hunger or thirst, Nor will the scorching heat or sun strike them down; For He who has compassion on them will lead them And will guide them to springs of water.||Re 7:16|
|Isa 49:18 “Lift up your eyes and look around; All of them gather together, they come to you. As I live,” declares the Lord, “You will surely put on all of them as jewels and bind them on as a bride.”||Ro 14:11|
|Isa 52:4 -For thus says the Lord God, “My people went down at the first into Egypt to reside there; then the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.||2Co 6:17|
|Isa 52:5 – “Now therefore, what do I have here,” declares the Lord, “seeing that My people have been taken away without cause?” Again the Lord declares, “Those who rule over them howl, and My name is continually blasphemed all day long.||Ro 2:24|
|Isa 52:7 – How lovely on the mountains Are the feet of him who brings good news, Who announces peace And brings good news of happiness, Who announces salvation, And says to Zion, “Your God reigns!”||Ro 10:15|
|Isa 52:11 – Depart, depart, go out from there, Touch nothing unclean; Go out of the midst of her, purify yourselves,|
You who carry the vessels of the Lord.
|Isa 52:15 – Thus He will sprinkle many nations, Kings will shut their mouths on account of Him; For what had not been told them they will see, And what they had not heard they will understand.||Ro 15:21|
|Isa 53:1 – Who has believed our message?|
And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?
|Jn 12:38; Ro 10:16|
|Isa 53:4 – Surely our griefs He Himself bore, And our sorrows He carried; Yet we ourselves esteemed Him stricken, Smitten of God, and afflicted.||Mt 8:17; 1Pe 2:24|
|Isa 53:5 – But He was pierced through for our transgressions,|
He was crushed for our iniquities; The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, And by His scourging we are healed.
|Isa 53:6 – All of us like sheep have gone astray, Each of us has turned to his own way; But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all To fall on Him.||1Pe 2:25|
|Isa 53:7 – He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He did not open His mouth; Like a lamb that is led to slaughter, And like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, So He did not open His mouth. 8By oppression and judgment He was taken away; And as for His generation, who considered That He was cut off out of the land of the living For the transgression of my people, to whom the stroke was due?||Acts 8:32, 33|
|Isa 53:9 – His grave was assigned with wicked men, Yet He was with a rich man in His death, Because He had done no violence, Nor was there any deceit in His mouth.||1Pe 2:22; Re 14:5|
|Isa 53:12 – Therefore, I will allot Him a portion with the great,|
And He will divide the booty with the strong; Because He poured out Himself to death, And was numbered with the transgressors; Yet He Himself bore the sin of many, And interceded for the transgressors.
|Lk 22:37; 1Pe 2:24, Heb 9:28*|
|Isa 54:1 – “Shout for joy, O barren one, you who have borne no child; Break forth into joyful shouting and cry aloud, you who have not travailed; For the sons of the desolate one will be more numerous Than the sons of the married woman,” says the Lord.||Gal. 4:27|
|Isa 54:13 – “All your sons will be taught of the Lord;|
And the well-being of your sons will be great.
|Isa 55:3 – “Incline your ear and come to Me. Listen, that you may live; And I will make an everlasting covenant with you,|
According to the faithful mercies shown to David.
|Isa 55:10 – “For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven, And do not return there without watering the earth|
And making it bear and sprout, And furnishing seed to the sower and bread to the eater;
|Isa 56:7 – Even those I will bring to My holy mountain And make them joyful in My house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be acceptable on My altar; For My house will be called a house of prayer for all the peoples.”||Mt 21:13; Mk 11:17; |
|Isa 59:7 – Their feet run to evil, And they hasten to shed innocent blood; Their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity, Devastation and destruction are in their highways.||Ro 3:15, 16, 17|
|Isa 59:20 – “A Redeemer will come to Zion, And to those who turn from transgression in Jacob,” declares the Lord.||Ro 11:26|
|Isa 61:1 – The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, Because the Lord has anointed me To bring good news to the afflicted;|
He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to captives And freedom to prisoners; 2To proclaim the favorable year of the Lord And the day of vengeance of our God; To comfort all who mourn,
|Lk 4:18, 19|
|Isa 62:11 – Behold, the Lord has proclaimed to the end of the earth, Say to the daughter of Zion, “Lo, your salvation comes;|
Behold His reward is with Him, and His recompense before Him.”
|Isa 65:1 – “I permitted Myself to be sought by athose who did not ask for Me; I permitted Myself to be found by those who did not seek Me. I said, ‘Here am I, here am I,’ To a nation which did not call on My name.||Ro 10:20|
|Isa 65:2 – “I have spread out My hands all day long to a rebellious people, Who walk in the way which is not good, following their own thoughts,||Ro 10:21|
|Isa 65:17 – “For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth;|
And the former things will not be remembered or come to mind.
|2 Pet. 3:13|
|Isa 66:1– Thus says the Lord, “Heaven is My throne and the earth is My footstool. Where then is a house you could build for Me? And where is a place that I may rest? 2For My hand made all these things, Thus all these things came into being,” declares the Lord. “But to this one I will look, To him who is humble and contrite of spirit, and who trembles at My word.||Acts 7:49, 50|
|Isa 66:14 – 14 Then you will see this, and your heart will be glad, And your bones will flourish like the new grass; And the hand of the Lord will be made known to His servants, But He will be indignant toward His enemies.||Jn 16:22|
|Isa 66:22 – “For just as the new heavens and the new earth|
Which I make will endure before Me,” declares the Lord,
“So your offspring and your name will endure.
|2 Pet. 3:13|
|Isa 66:24 – “Then they will go forth and look On the corpses of the men Who have transgressed against Me. For their worm will not die And their fire will not be quenched; And they will be an abhorrence to all mankind.”||Mk 9:48|
A quotation is a word-for-word citation of the original source, often preceded by “it is written.”
An allusion is a reference to the original source using the the same key words or thoughts without quoting word for word.
Because the New Testament writers often borrow the language of the Old Testament (allusion) rather than quote verses directly, different scholars have different counts for the number of times an Old Testament book is quoted in the New Testament. Comparison of various sources reveals considerable variation as to what is interpreted as an Old Testament quotation. Also, many of the Old Testament quotes are from the Septuagint (LXX) which is why the New Testament wording may appear somewhat different.